Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Apartheid Impact on African Women Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Politically-sanctioned racial segregation Impact on African Women - Essay Example Life was so difficult yet testing during those occasions that few narratives and compositions about the time have been made. Such would be the film South Africa Belongs to us which centers around the situation of five ladies fundamentally on a spouse left in the countries, a medical caretaker at a family arranging facility, an emergency clinic cleaner who lives in a solitary sex inn, a pioneer of a vagrant's camp and a residential worker. The dark worker in a house claimed by whites can't invest quality energy with her kids. Consequently, partition didn't simply occur among individuals with various skin hues yet among the individuals from their race, explicitly with their own bloodlines. The equivalent with other female vagrant specialists who were kind of detained in their work environment as they were not permitted to visit their families. Through politically-sanctioned racial segregation, ladies during that scene experienced wretchedness while they were away with their friends and family, while some remained as single parents on account of the characterization. One of the impacts of politically-sanctioned racial segregation at that point was the obliteration of the dark family and the presence of uprooted families. There is this one lady who lives in one of the inefficient countries with her in excess of twelve youngsters, since she was not permitted to be with her better half who had to live in Johannesburg for a long time. In spite of all these, the film delineates of ladies' rallying call to resist prejudice. Winnie Mandela, the previous spouse of Nelson Mandela and one of the ladies heads who were met in the film, represents ladies power. Among the individuals who additionally courageously talked before the camera were Numisi Kjuzwayo, a youthful pioneer of the denied Black Consciousness Movement which was against politically-sanctioned racial segregation and Fatimah Meer, a dissident. These ladies opposed constantly the politically-sanctioned racial segregation framework regardless of what took a chance with their life. A great deal of what has done at that point adds to what South Africa is at present, that it truly has a place with its kin. Another film, Young ladies Apart done in the year 1987, shows a meeting with two multi year old young ladies, Sylvia who is from Soweto, a town of blackmen, the other is Siska, a rich white young lady Johannesburg. Each recounted to the narrative of their lives in South 3 Africa during the politically-sanctioned racial segregation period, demonstrating how their universes were separated and that their lives were driven by their skin shading. In the film, an image of politically-sanctioned racial segregation was shown through the differences in the lives of the young ladies. Another archived anecdote about the happenings in South Africa during the politically-sanctioned racial segregation period is delineated in the book Not Either An Experimented Doll, The Separate Worlds of Three South African Women. The story is told through the trading of letters between an Englishwoman named Mabel Palmer and an upset adolescent young lady Lily Moya, who composed the book herself which was then altered by Shula Marks. Lily, a vagrant, looks to Mabel as a mother she never had, arguing to release her to class in her school. Mabel, then again, yielded to her desire. Truth be told, she has contributed a great deal to the instruction of South African ladies. There was this one time when she went out into the winter cold without a coat just to pay Lily's registration. Here in this book, it tries to show that during the politically-sanctioned racial segregation period, there were as yet white individuals who had great hearts to blacks, despite the fact that Mabel Palmer had a little impediment in her relationship with Lily inspired by a paranoid fear of the transcriptions of racial separation rules. The third

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Disraelian Conservatism essays

Disraelian Conservatism papers The goal of setting up the Conservative Party as a gathering of government clarifies most the activities of Disraeli in passing the 1867 Reform Act [Robert Blake' a scholastic student of history pro throughout the entire existence of the traditionalist party, The History of the Conservative Party from Peel to Thatcher (1985)] How substantial is this understanding of Disraelian Conservatism? Robert Blake is expressing that the craving to make the preservationist party the larger part party in the House of Commons was the principle reason that Disraeli passed the 1867 Reform Act. I don't concur with Blake that the death of the 1867 Reform Bill by Disraeli was an endeavor to make sure about a lion's share vote in favor of the preservationist party. Benjamin Disraeli didn't propose the 1867 Reform Act to just gain a couple of votes and secure the greater part in the House of Commons. He proposed it because of his very own feelings and ethics. Disraeli was a dynamic Tory and supported triennial parliaments and the mystery voting form. Beforehand to the 1867 change act proposition, Disraeli was thoughtful to the requests of the Chartists who needed further change to the Political framework, and in one discourse contended that the privileges of work were as holy as the privileges of property. In 1842 Disraeli assisted with shaping the Young England gathering. Disraeli and individuals from his gathering contended that the white collar class currently had an excessive amount of political force and upheld a coalition between the gentry and the common laborers. Disraeli recommended that the privileged should utilize their capacity to help ensure poor people. This political way of thinking was communicated in Disraeli's books, Coningsby (1844), Sybil (1845) and Tancred (1847). In these books the main characters show worry about neediness and the bad form of the parliamentary framework. Disraeli was selected as Chancellor of the Exchequer. He additionally became pioneer of the House of Commons and was answerable for the acquaintance of measures with refo ... <!

Friday, August 21, 2020

What Is Emotional Numbing

What Is Emotional Numbing PTSD Symptoms Print What Is Emotional Numbing? Emotional Numbing: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Coping By Sara Lindberg Sara Lindberg, M.Ed., is a freelance writer focusing on mental health, fitness, nutrition, and parenting.   Learn about our editorial policy Sara Lindberg Reviewed by Reviewed by Amy Morin, LCSW on August 30, 2019 facebook twitter instagram Amy Morin, LCSW, is a psychotherapist, author of the bestselling book 13 Things Mentally Strong People Dont Do, and a highly sought-after speaker. Learn about our Wellness Board Amy Morin, LCSW Updated on January 30, 2020 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Overview Symptoms & Diagnosis Causes & Risk Factors Treatment Living With In Children Jamie Grill / Getty Images In This Article Table of Contents Expand Overview Causes Treatment Lifestyle Modifications View All Emotional numbness is something most people will experience at some point in their life. Quite often, the feeling is temporary. However, for some, feeling emotionally numb becomes a way of life to protect from further emotional or physical pain. Emotions are a critical part of how we function in life. In fact, one study?? found that people reported experiencing at least one emotion 90% of the time, with positive emotions being reported over 2.5 times more frequently than negative emotions.  Not only do emotions provide automatic feedback that can help keep you safe, but they can also motivate you to take action and empower you to make decisions. But when you’re overwhelmed or feeling helpless, its not uncommon to turn to emotional numbing since it provides you with a protective defense. While this may provide temporary relief, learning to cope with difficult feelings this way can have long-lasting consequences.   The Important Role of Emotions What Is Emotional Numbing? “Emotional numbing is the mental and emotional process of shutting out feelings and may be experienced as deficits of emotional responses or reactivity,” explains Mayra Mendez, Ph.D., LMFT, a licensed psychotherapist and program coordinator at Providence Saint Johns Child and Family Development Center. Often times, emotional numbing results in temporary restrictions in the capacity to feel or express emotions.   While emotional numbing blocks or shuts down negative feelings and experiences, it also shuts down the ability to experience pleasure, engage in positive interactions and social activities, and interferes with openness for intimacy, social interests, and problem-solving skills, she adds. Ultimately, it becomes a coping tool defined by avoidance, denial, detachment, and dismissal that blocks capacity for confronting, processing, problem-solving, and managing of emotions and experiences. The symptoms of emotional numbing include: A loss of interest in important, once positive activities you used to enjoyFeeling distant or detached from othersFeeling flat, both physically and emotionallyLosing access to your feelingsAn inability to fully participate in lifeHaving difficulty with experiencing positive feelings such as happiness or love Additionally, when you’re emotionally numb, isolation can be a preferred state of living. Why People With PTSD Use Emotional Avoidance to Cope What Causes Emotional Numbing? Emotional numbing can happen as a result of physical or emotional pain. In an attempt to protect yourself from being hurt again, it’s not uncommon to disconnect, detach, or numb out feelings related to the situation. When this happens, you may feel temporary relief that allows you to move on with your life, but over time, this protective shield can begin to get in the way of connecting with others and getting in touch with feelings that are both positive and negative. How one person experiences emotional numbness may look completely different from how you present with symptoms. That’s because people experience feeling emotionally numb in many different ways. For example, you may struggle to connect with others or lose the ability to feel sadness or joy in response to certain events. There are a variety of reasons you may experience emotional numbing. Some of the more common causes of emotional numbing include: PTSDGriefOverwhelming stressDepressionPhysical abuseMental or emotional abuseSubstance abuse Feeling emotionally numb may also be a side effect of taking some medications that treat depression and anxiety.?? If you’re taking an antidepressant and feeling emotionally numb, it’s essential to work closely with your doctor.  They may choose to adjust your dosage or change the medication altogether. Emotional numbing is most often seen with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is a psychiatric disorder that can happen as a result of experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. ?? When this happens, the person often has intense, disturbing thoughts and feelings related to the event that can last for months or even years after the event is over. In order to cope with the trauma from an event, some people will turn to emotional numbing or avoidance as a way to manage the emotional and physical pain. For people with PTSD, this can also manifest in avoiding thoughts, feelings, or conversations about the traumatic event and  places or people that bring the event to mind. ?? Individuals diagnosed with anxiety disorders may also experience emotional numbness as a response to extremely high-stress levels, fear reactions, or excessive worry.  In fact, avoidance of both positive and negative emotions is associated with higher levels of anxiety. ?? Additionally, Mendez points out that depressive episodes may present with decreased attunement to feelings, dulling of emotions, and emotional numbing.   Higher levels of depression and mood dysregulation result in a greater propensity for emotional numbing, she adds. Can Antidepressants Make You Feel Emotionally Numb? Treatment Options There are a variety of treatment options available that can help you reduce the extent to which you try to escape, disengage from, or avoid your emotions. Once you find a therapist or psychologist to work with, the first step in the treatment process is unpacking the cause of your emotional numbing. A therapist can help you determine the underlying cause of the trauma, and come up with better ways to cope with overtaxing experiences and emotions.   The primary goal of psychotherapy, says Mendez, is to stimulate an understanding of the problem and expose viable and effective problem-solving alternatives. Additionally, participation in psychotherapy may also support learning and use of productive coping tools such as allowing feelings to surface and processing them in the safe, nurturing environment of the therapeutic relationship. Whichever therapy you choose, getting help can provide you with a safe place to express and approach your emotions.   Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) gives you the opportunity to express and understand your emotions, as well as examine the sources of those emotional responses. It also addresses how certain thoughts or ways of evaluating a situation may be contributing to your emotions. “Learning and practicing cognitive-behavioral strategies for managing stress, traumatic experiences, depression, and anxiety can help tame negative thoughts and avoid defensive patterns of coping that are inefficient and invalidating of emotional processing and problem-solving,” explains Mendez. Rather than avoiding or using maladaptive coping tools (such as numbing), CBT strategies aim to empower you to shift from thoughts of powerless to beliefs of strength and emotional competence. Acceptance and commitment therapy  (ACT) is another form of behavior therapy that is often used with PTSD and other mental health issues that have emotional numbing and avoidance as a symptom. ACT uses a mindfulness-based approach to help you recognize ways in which you attempt to suppress or control emotional experiences. The goal of ACT is to help you experience your inner feelings while focusing attention on living a meaningful life.  ?? Lifestyle Modifications In addition to psychotherapy, your doctor or therapist may also recommend several lifestyle modifications to help relieve some of the symptoms of emotional numbing, and hopefully, prevent more episodes from happening in the future. While it may take a bit of trial and error, the key to the success of lifestyle modifications is to find what works best for you. Here are a few examples you can try on your own.   Find your support system. While reaching out to others may seem difficult at first, seeking social support from friends and family that you trust may help provide a safe way to express your emotions.  Exercise and engage in physical activity. Staying physically active and engaging in exercises that you enjoy not only benefits your health, but it can also reduce the symptoms of depression and anxiety.?? Try to include some form of exercise or physical activity most days of the week.  Get adequate rest. Both the quality of sleep and the amount of rest are critical to managing the symptoms of any physical, emotional, or mental health issue. This is especially true for mental health issues since insufficient sleep can make coping with the stressors of life more challenging. While waking during the night is common when dealing with PTSD, depression, anxiety, or any other trauma, try to get seven or more hours of sleep each night, which is the recommended amount for adults.Minimize stress. Both daily stressors and overwhelming stress are major contributors to emotional numbing. Finding ways to better manage stress is key to addressing the avoidance of emotions and feelings. Relaxation and mindfulness-based strategies are  helpful in decreasing the effects of stress. Engaging in relaxation exercises, particularly body awareness exercises, says Mendez, can be very helpful for awakening sensations, feelings and regulation of emotions.Try mindfulness strategies. “Mindfulness strategies  may be particularly helpful in reducing emotional numbing and increasing emotional strength and competence to manage stressful experiences,” says Mendez.  Consider validating emotions as this process demystifies feelings and allows for control over overwhelming and disorganized thoughts and feelings.     5 Self-Care Practices for Every Area of Your Life A Word From Verywell Learning new ways to cope with traumatic events, overwhelming stress, depression, anxiety, or any other serious life event is possible. Reaching out to your doctor is the first step to addressing emotional numbing. They can help you find a mental health professional trained in these areas. By forming a support network with your doctor, mental health expert, and close family and friends, you can begin to change how you deal with trauma and learn to feel and experience your emotions.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Fight Club Film Analysis - 1551 Words

Postmodernism is a concept that has monopolized contemporary theory since the 1960s. It has been widely applied to film theory to review and analyse perspective. Postmodernism is most commonly thought of as a ‘departure from modernism’. It relies heavily on the increased speed of communication and the sharing of ideas; its codes are made up by self-conscious uses of pre-existing artistic styles and media conventions. It also depends on modern society being defined by media culture. In this essay, I will be examining Fight Club (David Fincher, 1999) and how it can be categorised as postmodern. I will be defining what a postmodern film is and review the term using historical examples referenced in the text. â€Å"Lyotard famously defines the†¦show more content†¦This can sometimes create chaos as it becomes so fragmented that the film doesn’t send a clear message. Intertextuality is the referencing of other cultural text, either visually within the content and context of the text. It’s the idea that nothing exists in a vacuum. Colonel Kurtz attempts to reveal the hypocrisy of war, ‘what do you call it when the assassins accuse the assassin? A lie.’ This paradox is also referenced similarly in Fight club. Tyler Durden tries to destroy authority but ultimately becomes an authority. Fincher analogizes Kurtz and Tyler with scenes that have similar composition, low key lighting and diegetic sound of water droplets, although Fincher adds the non-diegetic sound of radio and jungle noises which could be hinting at Tyler’s mental state. During these scenes both characters discuss their visions for the future. Simulation is when a director creates a lack of any sense of reality to the real world. The use of real branded items, like a Starbucks cup adds verisimilitude to the film’s world to make a point about pervasiveness of big corporations. Then breaking the forth wall for the narrator to deliver exposition and having Tyler reach up and point out the film reel cue mark confirms to the audience that this is in fact simulation. Another type of simulation is pastiche. Pastiche is an artistic work in a style thatShow MoreRelatedFight Club Film Analysis1168 Words   |  5 PagesPostmodernism In Film â€Å"Life has no meaning a priori†¦ It is up to you to give it a meaning, and value is nothing but the meaning that you choose†(Jean-Paul Satre). As is began in the mid to late 20th century, Postmodernism has become a literary movement that has greatly influenced writers, poets, music, film, culture, art, etc. While modernist theory is rational and scientific in reasoning, Postmodernism departs away from that focusing primarily on an innovative way of thought that is avant-gardeRead MoreFilm Analysis Of Fight Club2081 Words   |  9 PagesFight Club is the opposite of Watchmen, the style of David Fincher and his faded green aesthetic fit perfectly in the world of Fight Club and help to give the Film a sense of identity that wouldn t exist if the film was created by a lesser director. The way this Film is shot, the editing, the score, it all combines to help tell the story in a new way that feels entirely separate from the book. Additionally, Fincher works to bring the c oncepts of the book to life through adaptation not translationRead MoreEssay on Fight Club: Analysis of Novel and Film1561 Words   |  7 PagesFight Club: Analysis of Novel and film Fight Club is a potent, diabolically sharp, and nerve chafing satire that was beautifully written by Chuck Palahniuk and adapted to the silver screen by David Fincher. A story masterfully brought together by mischief, mayhem, and ironically, soap. Fight Club is the definition of a cult classic because the issues dealt within the novel touched so close to home to the generation this novel was intended for, generation X. The novel was written in 1996 and quicklyRead MoreMischief, Mayhem, in Tyler We Trust: a Textual Analysis of Personality Disorders as Depicted in the Film Fight Club2758 Words   |  12 PagesPsychological disorders are widely represented in films, as well as in other media texts such as novels, television shows, etc. One film that portrays more than one example of a psychological disorder is Fight Club, a Twentieth Century Fox movie released with an R rating in 1999. Directed by David Fincher; and produced by Art Linson, Cean Chaffin, and Ross Grayson Bell, the mov ie mainly introduces Dissociative Identity Disorders (also known as Multiple Personality Disorders), but also hints atRead More Mischief, Mayhem, In Tyler We Trust: A Textual Analysis of Personality Disorders as Depicted in the Film Fight Club2621 Words   |  11 Pages Psychological disorders are widely represented in films, as well as in other media texts such as novels, television shows, etc. One film that portrays more than one example of a psychological disorder is Fight Club, a Twentieth Century Fox movie released with an R rating in 1999. Directed by David Fincher; and produced by Art Linson, Cean Chaffin, and Ross Grayson Bell, the movie mainly introduces Dissociative Identity Disorders (also known as Multiple Personality Disorders), but also hints at insomniaRead MoreEssay on Criticisms of Consumerism and Materialism in Fight Club1134 Words   |  5 Pagespresented in Fincher’s Fight Club (1999), one of â€Å"the rawest, most hot-blooded, provocatively audacious, dangerous movies to come of out Hollywood† (Morris, 1999). Through the diverging personalities of the films central characters, Fincher provides a satirical analysis and powerful criticism of consumerism, â€Å"echoing countless social critics who bemoan the emasculating effects of consumer culture on once self-defined and autonomous individuals† (Robinson, 2011). The film is focuses primarily onRead More Analysis of â€Å"Fight Club† Essay1239 Words   |  5 PagesAnalysis of â€Å"Fight Club† For years David Fincher has directed some of the most stylish and creative thrillers in American movies. His works include: Aliens 3, Seven, The Game and Fight Club. Each of these films has been not only pleasing and fun to watch but each has commented on society, making the viewers think outside the normal and analyze their world. Fight Club is no exception, it is a multi-layered film with many subplots and themes, but primarily it is a surrealistic description of theRead MoreFight Club: A Narrative Analysis1556 Words   |  7 Pagesis selected and arranged in a cause-and-effect sequence of events occurring over time† (553). David Fincher’s Fight Club uses a very unique narrative mode in that the whole film is self-narrated by the unnamed main character and has one of the best surprise endings in this writer’s opinion. This makes the film a prime specimen to be broken apart for further narrative analysis. The film starts out with the nameless narrator played by Edward Norton in a nameless city. The narrator, stuck in a dead-endRead MoreTextual Analysis Essay on Fight Club1250 Words   |  5 PagesGina Ferrari Eric Netterlund Fall 2011 Textual Analysis Essay The classic 1996 film Fight Club is a social commentary about our generation, which is in many ways devoid of spirit and marked by consumerism. It is the story of a mans spiritual journey towards enlightenment in modern society and his attempt to find his place in the world. It stresses a post-modern consumer society, reveals the loss of masculine identity amongst gray-collar workers, and examines the social stratification markedRead MoreMovie Analysis : Fight Club 1423 Words   |  6 PagesFight Club (1999. Fincher. D), is a film about the alienation and search for self of the character known only as the narrator. The males featured within the film all partake in fighting each other in order to assert their masculinity and in turn find that sense of self. The narrator begins the film as an insomniac, but as the film runs on we actually come to see his personality has been fractured by the alienation that he experiences. It becomes evident that the narrator and the majority of male s

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Graduation Speech Middle Class - 944 Words

In our current economic recession, the term â€Å"middle class† is almost non-existent in everyday vocabulary. The so-called middle class was a term that was used to describe the people in our society who were not part of the rich and wealthy class, but was also higher up in the socioeconomic ladder above the poverty line. Now the term isn’t used as much as other terms like, â€Å"hard working taxpayers† or â€Å"everyday Americans† (Chozick). Today, it s not as easy as just working hard, you now need money and experience in order to get anywhere in this society. That also might sound easy, but the problem is that in order to get a job that will help you sustain your life you need work experience, but in order to get work experience you need a job. Most people don’t accept volunteers anymore in order to just gain some experience in a field. Jobs want you to have years of relatable work experience as soon as you finish college. One solution that can help this process of being able to help fix the economy and the middle class is to start making more entry level jobs. If we were to create a job that was at minimum wage that can be used as a temporary place where people can gain experience in order to move on. The only problem with this would be that businesses aren’t going to want to hire more people for a job when they could just pay one person to do it. So in order to give the businesses incentive to hire more people, the government would give incentives to businesses that could give themShow MoreRelatedRhetorical Analysis Of Maya Angelou s I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings 1036 Words   |  5 PagesFily Thiam English 002 Mrs. Vilato 9 April 2015 Rhetorical Analysis on â€Å"Graduation† by Maya Angelou In Graduation, a chapter in her autobiography â€Å"I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings†, Maya Angelou talks vividly about her middle school graduation in the segregated South. Graduation is an important milestone in most people’s life, as they get a degree and move on to their next level, something better and more important, with the hope that they can use their new knowledge to achieve their life goals andRead MoreGraduation by Maya Angelou Critique1386 Words   |  6 PagesDanielle Davis Eileen Thompson English 121 SL May 9, 2012 â€Å"Graduation† Critique â€Å"Graduation† was written by Maya Angelou in 1969. Angelou was born in Missouri, but after her parents divorced, she was sent to live with her grandmother in Stamps, Arkansas. While in Arkansas, Angelou attended the Lafayette County Training School. The school is the setting for her essay â€Å"Graduation.† Angelou graduated from eighth grade at Lafayette with top honors and went on to graduate from high school. AfterRead MoreClassification Essay Students682 Words   |  3 PagesBeing a student in today’s society holds an immense amount of pressure to do one thing: graduate. Thirteen years of school prepare students for the next major steps of their lives. Every student faces many struggles and frustrations before graduation day arrives. One may be able to surmise a few details about a student before they put pencil to paper or even speak. One can also make assumptions about a student based on his or her seating position. Motivation, determination, and concentration willRead MoreSeparation of Church and State685 Words   |  3 Pagesfuture, which leads to graduation ceremonies and bachelors or associates degrees. The separation of church and state within education is becoming more of a problem than it ever has been. For Nathan Bishop Middle School in Rhode Island, their graduation was just like any other ceremony, except for one thing: a rabbi was invited to give a thoughtful and respectful speech to the graduating class. Traditionally, the principle is to invite a clergy member to offer prayer at graduation ceremonies. NormallyRead MoreMy Speech - Original Writing975 Words   |  4 PagesWhen I began writing my commencement speech I knew that I wanted to use humor as a main theme. When we watched the speech examples in class the ones that I really took material away from and the ones that stuck with me the longest were the ones that were funny and had humor sprinkled throughout. Other than the humor part I had no idea what I wanted my speech to be about but I knew that I needed to stick with a common theme throughout or it would be a mess. Once I had the reoccurring dream aboutRead MoreTeaching Human Sexuality in the High School Curriculum1338 Words   |  5 Pages Facts of the Potential Litigation On August of 2011, Chancellor Dennis Walcott announced that all middle and high schools will be required to teach compulsory sexual health education as part of the core curriculum. Required Health classes focusing on human sexuality are provided as mandated at Edward R. Murrow high school. Some of the topics of this course include but are not limited to the following: HIV/AIDS, practicing of safe sex, sexually transmitted diseases, description of both male andRead MoreA Curriculum For All K 12 Grades1129 Words   |  5 Pagescurriculum to include middle and high schools. The middle school, considered grades sixth through eighth, must provide the instruction for all curriculum in section 74.1. It also states that just like the elementary curriculum of section 74.2, districts must allow sufficient time for teachers to teach the TEKS and students the adequate time to learn the TEKS in order to support student achievement of grade level and/or course requirements. This section also beg an requiring middle school students toRead MoreAnalysis Of Left Handed Commencement Address1064 Words   |  5 PagesThe speech that I chose to analyze is called, â€Å"A Left-Handed Commencement Address† by Ursula K. Le Guin who was a science fiction writer, and has many honorary and awards. She was offered to give this speech for the Mills college class of 1983 for a way to speak in public in the language of women. As I chose my speech, I often thought of why this speech was called a, â€Å"left-handed commencement address†. It comes from one of the novels that this specific person wrote called, â€Å"The left-hand of darkness†Read Moregraduation speech1882 Words   |  8 Pagesgood speech for an elementary graduation would depend on who is going to be doing the speaking. For a teacher, youll want to make sure you thank the students for all of their hard work and wish them the best in the next grade they move up to. For kids, they can thank their teacher fo r a good year and thank their parents for their support.This page contains a funny sample speech for Middle School or Elementary School graduations for principles, teachers or other key note speakers. The speech templateRead MoreTeaching Context Description Of Henrico County Essay810 Words   |  4 Pagesstudents and is home to 46 elementary schools, 12 middle schools, and 9 high schools, 2 tech centers, and 3 program centers, making it the sixth largest public school division in Virginia. 45 of the 72 schools in Henrico County are fully accredited by the Virginia Department of Education and comply with the Virginia Standards of Accreditation and the Virginia Standards of Learning. In 2015 there were 3,381 graduates and HCPS had a 90% on time graduation rate. Henrico County’s vastness contributes to

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Does The Promise Of Paradise Produce Hell - 1134 Words

Does the promise of paradise produce hell? The modern reality of the cities is defined by complex urban, social and environmental problems. The era of intense urbanisation is associated with the phenomenon of the unregulated urban sprawl, globalisation and consumerism. Especially for the metropolis, for both, the developed and developing countries, there is overconcentration of the population in confined spaces, which leads to insufficient-available infrastructures of common utility, accommodation and transportation. This has become a fact that is causing problems with the living conditions, and enhances the negative environmental effects. Due to those problems, humanity tried to create a theoretical concept of the ‘ideal’ and an†¦show more content†¦Based on Karl Popper’s theory of ‘‘those who promise us paradise on Earth never produce anything but hell’’, in the following text, problems that originate from the attempt to physically create utopia will be discussed as wel l as their impacts on fulfilling this attempt. Architecture is fully interwoven with society. Most of the theorists of utopian ideas and social reforms of the 19th and 20th century attributed bigger value in social structure, religion, ethos and public administration of cities. We come to a conclusion that their proposals are largely based on the desire of organising social life, which commonly is carried out in an autocratic way. However this is a static social system of a city, which was created based on the visionary viewpoint of the utopian-designer, is not providing the opportunity to its inhabitants, to improve their social skills and diversity, leaving little room of expression of individual values. A more brutal form of this phenomenon is shown when the idea of the utopian space is clearly referring to the separation of the social classes, emphasizing to the upper class and using/exploiting the working classes in order to implement this produced ‘heaven’. Some of the most recognised examples of this policy, a re these of Burj Dubai (2010) and the artificial islands which include the ‘Palm Developments’ and apply in their 100% to the elite. For the embodiment of these earthly paradises for the rich, a number

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Investigating how pH effects the enzyme trypsin acting on coloured gelatin free essay sample

The results from the experiment determining the effects of pH on enzyme activity show that as the independent variable, pH, increases the dependent variable, percentage transmission, decreases. This is shown in the results as at the lowest pH, pH 4. 0 the average percentage transmission is at its highest at 97%. At the highest pH, pH 8. 0 the average transmission is 78. 5%. This is also supported from the graph as it produces a negative gradient showing that as the percentage transmission will decrease with an increasing pH. This happens because the enzyme trypsin acts on the gelatine. Therefore as the pH increases towards the optimum pH more jelly will be broken down by the enzyme, allowing less light to pass through the solution which would thus decrease the percentage transmission. Trend: The trend in the results and from the graph show that the more the pH increases the lower the percentage transmission will be. However from looking at the results an optimum pH is unidentifiable. We will write a custom essay sample on Investigating how pH effects the enzyme trypsin acting on coloured gelatin or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This is because the range of pHs used in the experiment is limited from 4. 0 to 8.0; the percentage transmission may have continued to decrease as the pH became more alkaline. On the other hand from the pHs used we can deduce that the optimum is 8. 0 as it gives the lowest percentage transmission which shows that the enzyme is more effective in this condition and breaks down the jelly more effectively than when it is in the solutions of lower pH values. This agrees with the hypothesis as it stated; â€Å"Most digestion and most colour release from the jelly would be expected at a pH of 8 and in solutions above or below this pH less colour should be released. † Biological evidence to support results: The relationship shown between the percentage transmission and pH occurs as the enzyme trypsin works best in more alkaline conditions. This is because it is found in the body in the duodenum where the pH is alkaline, which supports the results as in this experiment the pH was 8. Therefore as the pH increases more gelatine will be broken down because towards the optimum the active site of trypsin best facilitates the formation of the enzyme-substrate complexes as the active site will be the optimal shape for attachment. Less light can pass through the solution due to the gelatine being hydrolysed, which is the breaking of the peptide bonds between the NH2 and the COOH resulting in these forming groups on the amino acids. If more gelatine is hydrolysed there were be a greater amount of colour released from the jelly. At a lower pH such as pH 4 or 5, the more acidic conditions reduce the enzyme activity. This is because the structure of the protein and therefore the active site of the enzyme are altered by changes in pH. In particular ionic bonds, hydrogen bonds and disulphide in the tertiary structure may be disrupted, this can cause and unravelling of the tertiary globular structure, the enzyme is said to be denatured. So at non-optimal pH the substrate attaches less readily to the enzyme as the active site is no longer complementary to the substrate. It is only the optimal when the active site will best facilitate the enzyme-substrate complex formation. It is the unique R-groups of the amino acids that form a particular structure and the active site. There is therefore a specific active site formed by the R-group that best facilitates the bonding of the substrate to the trypsin. Evaluation: For measuring the percentage transmission results a colourimeter was used. This is because eye judgement is insufficient and using the colourimeter provides quantitative values. Due to the red pigmentation of the gelatine and trypsin solution a blue filter must be used in the colourimeter. A blue filter transmits blue light. Blue is also at the opposite end of the spectrum to the red, the blue light is then absorbed by the red solution and a reading can be taken. The pipette and pi-pumps were used to transfer the buffer solutions, distilled water and the trypsin into the boiling tubes. These were used as the pipette is the most accurate way of ensuring the exact amount of solution is used. When transferring the solutions into the boiling tubes you must touch the surface of the solution with the bottom of the pipette, this means that all the solution is added to the tube and therefore will increase the reliability. To improve the results from the experiment buffer solutions that were not whole pHs could have been used e. g. pH 4. 5, 5. 5 etc. This would have provided more reliable results as a wider range of results would have been produced. Using pHs with decimals would also help to more accurately determine the optimum pH as the optimum may have been above or below the pH stated in the hypothesis; 8. In this experiment however the optimum is taken at 8 because the graph does not rise again. To ensure the experiment was kept as a fair test a number of variables were controlled. The temperature of the solutions was kept constant by placing the boiling tubes into a test tube rack and setting it into a water bath with a fixed temperature of 25oC. The temperature needed to be kept low and fixed as a high temperature would denature the enzymes, they would therefore be unable to break down the gelatine and no results would be produced from the experiment. Keeping a constant temperature also meant that the solutions reacted at the same rate. The time in the water bath was also controlled to ensure that the enzymes were left to react for the same amount of time, making the experiment fair. If the enzymes were not exposed to the temperature for long enough then they would not have reacted well enough to produce valid results. The enzyme concentration used was a 2% concentration of Trypsin. If a higher concentration had been used in some of the boiling tubes the rate of the reaction would have increased. This is because there would have been more available active sites for the substrate to bind to; forming enzyme-substrate complexes at a faster rate and therefore more of the jelly would have been broken down during the time. Whereas if a lower concentration was used the active sites would be saturated and the rate would decrease. When cutting the jelly cubes the size needs to be uniform for the cubes. If the cubes are too small there isn’t a sufficient amount to be broken down by the Trypsin, causing the results to be unreliable. If they are too large then they may not completely dissolve in the solution meaning that they will block the light passing through the solution in the colourimeter. Validity of Results: Due to the wide range of results they are not reliable as there is no narrow range and there are many areas of the experiment that could have caused a decrease in the reliability of the results. The jelly cubes were not cut to the exact same size. This would have caused a decrease in the rate if they were too small. It could have been improved by measuring the lengths of the sides of the cubes and weighing them to find out their mass. A series of precautions must also be taken using the colourimeter. The cuvettes must be clean with no finger prints. If they are dirty it will stop light passing through the cuvette to the colourimeter making the results unreliable. The same cuvette must also be used throughout and it needs to be orientated in the same way. The cuvette must be filled with sufficient solution to ensure the light is intercepted. If there is not enough solution the light will pass straight through producing a high unreliable reading. Assessment of Pooled Results: pH Lowest Percentage Transmission Highest Percentage Transmission Range 4. 0 77 99 22 5. 0 70 93 23 6. 0 64 94 30 7. 0 60 89 29 8. 0 58 85 27 The pooled results provide a wide range of results that makes the final results unreliable. There is a large range constant throughout the results. There are also some large differences between repeated results. It should have been expected that the pooled results would have been reliable as there are essentially 9 repeats. The main reason the data is unreliable is because the jelly cubes were cut too small and across the different groups there would be no uniform size of cubes. The small cube size would affect the results because of the small surface area. The Trypsin would have had enough time to break down the gelatine. There also should have been a greater spread of pH between 4. 0 and 8. 0. If the experiment was to be repeated larger jelly cube sizes would need to be used to improve the reliability.